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Cheshire and the Crusades
Author: Hurlock, Kathryn
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 1-18,
Although Cheshire’s links with the crusades are not as strong as those of many other English counties, this article explores a neglected area by assessing the county’s personal, material and institutional involvement in the crusades of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Drawing upon a range of sources, including contemporary annals, chronicles and histories, the article assesses the significant involvement of members of the Cheshire elite, from the earl of Chester downwards, in some of the individual crusades, both as direct participants who travelled abroad and as county and estate administrators acting on behalf of absent crusaders. The article also examines the relics reportedly brought back to Cheshire by the crusaders, the foundation and patronage of religious institutions in Cheshire by crusaders and the very limited support for and endowment of the two military orders – the Knights Templar and Hospitaller – within the county.
Family, faith and farming in early modern Lancashire: the Stansfields of Inchfield, Walsden, c.1633–1763
Author: Stansfield, R. E.
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 19-44,
This article re-assesses key aspects of non-gentry kinship relationships and family life in the early modern period. It does so via a detailed case study, analysing in depth one particular family of yeomen and husbandmen over several generations across the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The family remained geographically static over this period, always living in the area around Todmorden on the Yorkshire-Lancashire border, and generated significant surviving source material. Drawing heavily upon the extant wills and inventories of several successive generations but also employing wider parish and local records, the article reconstructs the genealogy of this family over the period and then places it within a wider context by assessing what this reveals about their kinship and family relations, their faith and (self-) identity and their socio-economic roles and positions, exploring questions of continuity and change and examining how the findings relate to existing historical interpretations of non-elite kinship and family life in the early modern period
In search of the picturesque:George Holt in the English Lake District, 1832
Author: Davies, John
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 83-98,
Through detailed work on the surviving diary of a journey around the Lake District undertaken in summer 1832, this article explores how far the diarist’s recorded reactions to his surroundings were shaped by his understanding of the picturesque and corresponded to more widely-circulated interpretations and perceptions of the picturesque. Based upon his diary, the article follows the Liverpool-based businessman and banker, George Holt, and his family as they travelled around the Lake District, both the southern Lakes, formerly part of the historic county of Lancashire, and the northern Lakes. Holt’s recorded interactions with and reactions to the scenery of the Lake District, its people, food and way of life, are analysed, revealing a cultural engagement with the area and a conscious and deliberate engagement with the idioms, concepts and language of the picturesque movement.
New light on seamen, ships and trade of the port of Lancaster in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries
Author: Skidmore, Peter
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 63-82,
This article re-examines the trade of the port of Lancaster during the latter half of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth centuries through detailed new work on a hitherto little-used primary source. The surviving records of the Lancaster contributions to the Merchant Seamen’s Fund, a financial levy imposed on vessels and their crews to fund support for old, ill or injured merchant seamen, provide important details about the ships using Lancaster. The article closely analyses these records to reveal information about and to chart trends in vessel activity, trading levels, the pattern and duration of voyages, manning levels and the geographical objectives of vessels sailing out of Lancaster. While overall trends are surveyed across the period, much of the article focuses on two five-year sample periods, the early 1750s and the turn of the eighteenth-nineteenth century, for which the records have been interrogated particularly closely, so allowing more detailed comparisons and conclusions to be drawn about change and continuity in the trade and shipping of Lancaster.
The evolution of Calveley church in theparish of St Boniface, Bunbury
Author: Elsworth, John
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 123-156,
This article reconstructs the known history of the small Cheshire chapel or church at Calveley, always privately owned but with links to the established Church of England, from its foundation in an existing building, a former barn, in the mid nineteenth century through to the present day. Drawing heavily upon the surviving archives of the church, supplemented by Bunbury parochial records, newspaper reports and parish magazines, the article explores the reasons for its foundation and charts its subsequent physical, religious and institutional evolution and development, showing how, for much of its history, it was shaped particularly strongly by the involvement of a series of powerful families who owned or more often tenanted the nearby Calveley Hall, though more recently, following the demise of the Hall, it was acquired by the congregation itself.
The garrisons at Hooton and Puddington
Author: Dyson, Tony
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 45-62,
This article examines the role and activities of two hitherto little-studied civil war garrisons on the Wirral. Established by the Cheshire parliamentarians in the latter half of the war as part of the wider operation against royalist Chester, the article assesses the location, personnel, running, supply, size and command of the two garrisons, but it also explores the administrative contribution of the base Hooton – by far the more important and better documented of the two – and its role as a centre for parliament’s financial and sequestration activities in the Wirral. Drawing heavily upon the surviving letterbooks of the parliamentarian commander, Sir William Breeton, and upon the extant accounts of parliament’s sequestration committee for the Wirral, based at or often working out of Hooton, the article reconstructs aspects of the life and operation of these two garrisons and analyses the important military and administrative contribution of the garrison at Hooton.
The Royal Mersey Yacht Club: A social history, 1844–1944
Author: Stammers, Mike
Volume: 159 (2010-0) Pages: 99-122,
This article charts the history of the Royal Mersey Yacht Club during its first hundred years, from its foundation in the mid nineteenth century through to the Second World War, and it places that history within the wider context of yachting and yacht clubs. Drawing heavily upon the club’s own surviving archives, especially its minutes and the correspondence of its secretary, the article examines the origins and foundation of the club, its officers, regulations and changing membership, the various premises in the Merseyside area occupied by the club over this period and the facilities they offered, as well as the role, activities and life of the club, both on the water and on land – from the outset, it had a strong social role and purpose which flourished alongside its more obvious yachting activities.